Daughter Calving Ease (DCE) measures the ability of a cow to calve easily. Evaluations are expressed as percent difficult births (categories 4 & 5) for first calf heifers. Percent difficult births among first calf Holsteins cows is approximately 8%. Listed below is a description of the codes used for scoring this trait as well as their frequency within the Holstein breed.
Calving Ease Codes - description and frequency
Frequency of Calving Difficulty
No problem (or unobserved)
Cow needed assistance
Considerable force used to deliver calf
Extreme difficult birth
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